Ultimate Guide to Building a CV
Interests and Skills survey
- Make your name stand out;
- Use action words;
- Short and to the point;
- Show your interests and hobbies as relevant to the job;
- Emphasize anything that proves your team work, organizing, planning, persuading skills;
- Write your referees with contacts, or simply write ‘references available upon request’
- Order and emphasis are up to you; but try to highlight different aspects of your academia and relevant experience first;
- Spell check, accurate in spelling and grammar;
- Chronological order: from recent to old;
- Be cohesive throughout the whole CV;
- Review with advisors; ask people for suggestions
- Be honest;
- Be positive, lay out only good things;
- If e-mailed – subject and body mail
- Use a formal e-mail address (no e-mails like: zeshkanja_121 J);
- If you got various work experience emphasize it first;
- Use white A4 paper;
- Same tense throughout whole CV
- Don’t write age and/or gender, not relevant for a career;
- Don’t mention the routine, ex. cleaning the tables;
- Never use sentences;
- Don’t use ‘ I ‘ or ‘my’;
- Don’t use the old boring clichés, ex. ‘socializing with friends’
- Don’t put passive hobbies, ex. reading, watching TV, surfing
- Don’t back a CV, each page in a separate sheet;
- Don’t write CV/Resume on top;
- Don’t lie on your CV, they are always found out and lead you to disqualification, embarrassment, and black list;
- Don’t use flashy, funky, colorful, glossy fonts and paper. CV is formal – KEEP IT SIMPLE;
- Don’t fold it, full size A4;
- Don’t put photographs (unless asked);
- Don’t use abbreviations or jargon language, HR might not understand it;
- Don’t mention health problems;
- Arrive 10 minutes early for the interview
- Greet everyone including the receptionist in a friendly way
- Smile and show positive attitude
- Be honest and positive in your answers
- Wait for the interviewer to ask you to be seated or sit right after the interviewer
- Speak clearly
- Sell yourself for the good candidate that you are
- Thank the interviewer and smile while leaving the interview room
- Give specific examples in your questions
- Use a warm and conversational tone
- Use eye contact
- Limit your answers approximately 1-2 minutes
- Ask for clarification of questions, if needed
- Be late
- Answer questions with ‘yes’ and ‘no.’ Do elaborate on your answers
- Answer a question with ‘I don’t know”
- Pause in your answers. Don’t use um, hmm, basically, like
- Chew gum or smoke prior to your interview
- Discuss personal issues
- Use slang language
- Put anything in the interview desk – elbows, purse
- Play with your fingers, key hangers, pen, tie
- Look scared or nervous
- Act defensive
- Talk too much or too little
- Be rude
- Criticize anyone or anything
- Focus on your weaknesses
- Bring someone along
- Act desperate
- Emphasize salary
- Beg for the job
Interview Questions – select the best answer
- Tell us about yourself
- What experience do you have that qualifies you for this position?
- Why should we hire you?
- Why do you want to work with this company?
- What was the most difficult problem you have handled? How did you deal with it?
- Tell me about a time you had a conflict or confrontation with your boss or co-worker.
How to write a Cover Letter
1. First Paragraph - Why you are writing
2. Middle Paragraphs - What you have to offer
3. Concluding Paragraph - How you will follow-up
What to Include in a Cover Letter
When you are a writing a cover letter, there is specific information that needs to be included. Your cover letter will include a contact section, a salutation, information on why you are qualified for the job, a closing, and your signature.
- Avoid clichés and meaningless or wordy expressions.
- Your cover letter should complement, not duplicate your resume.
- Your cover letter is often the first contact with an employer, make sure it creates a good impression.
- Take the time to target your cover letter to the job you are applying for.